How water softeners actually work

Here is a step-by step guide to water softeners, more help. Before we start, let’s first talk about hard water. Hard water can cause a variety of problems, such as blocked drains or shower heads, stiff clothing from the wash, staining on bathroom tiles, and soapy residue on dishes.

Hard water is caused due to too much magnesium and calcium in your tap water. Installing a home water softer system in your house can improve the water’s quality. Soft water can provide you with softened skin and hair, as well as less soap scum in your drains and shower heads.

Here are some details about water softeners.

1. Ion Exchange Process: This first step removes hard water with sodium and potassium ions. When water hardness is removed from water by resin beads, the hardions are absorbed. The sodium or potassium are then released into your drinking water. It is possible to have hardness and softness caused by the exchange of ions.

2. Service Cycle – Water flows through a tank through a valve. The resin is then pumped through the lower section of the tank. The ion exchanging process above allows water to pass through the resin. This collects elements that can cause hardness. The water softened passes through slots. A valve pushes water through your water lines and lets you get water to your household.

3. Backwash Cycle – This is another part of how water softeners operate. The water flows through the valve, then down to a riser tube. Finally, it passes through a collector. This system mixes the resin and filters the water out to a drain.

4. Brine Draw Cycle-This is the second phase of the cycle. Brine, or salt, is collected with the educator into a valve. The valve is then pushed into top of tank. Brine flows through the resin interchange and hard elements. The sodium component of the hardwater is collected in resin bed. This cycle continues until the brine has been converted into the softener tanks.

5. Slow Rinse Cycle-This cycle involves continuous flow of water from the top to bottom of the tank through resin. During this process the resin is washed clean of all hard and salty elements. The water flows through the lower collector to the riser, where it is filtered through a valve.

6. Fast Rinse Cycle- During this cycle, water enters and flows through high-speed resin. This allows water to flow at a higher rate and compacts resin. It also removes all brine and hardness from your water.

7. Refill Cycle: This is the final step of water softeners. You need to fill up your brine tank with water. 3 lbs of salt will dissolve for every gallon. The water-check ball is able to float as the water increases and fills up the tank. Based on time, the air-check balls determines the level. The softening cycle includes a quick rinse and a refill cycle. The softener will return to the service cycle once the tank has been filled again.

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